January 12, 2010, a massive earthquake devastated Port-au-Prince, the capital of Ha ti, one of the poorest countries in the world?. The balance is terrible: 230,000 dead, over 300,000 injured, 1.5 million homeless, more water or electricity, a catastrophic health situation and millions of cubic meters of debris to be removed.
Soon as you’ve the humanitarian emergency starts with non-governmental organizations (NGOs), supported by international experts of all kinds. States are mobilizing by sending up a military and food aid. Global banks promise to invest in? 5 billion immediately and $ 11 billion over five years. Bill Clinton, former President of the United States, is the guarantor as co-chair of the Interim Commission for the Reconstruction of Ha? Ti (IHRC), the heart tees Jean-Max Bellerive, Prime Minister of the isle. Their mission is to oversee and coordinate all reconstruction projects.
“THE LAST DATE OF FAILURE IN THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY”
Unfortunately, more than three years after the earthquake, the reconstruction process is completely down. ? The majority of the population ha yours is still homeless, the Corail camp, the largest slum in Port-au-Prince, from 7 000 to 200 000 squatters, the financial aid promised has not been fully paid;?, and most importantly, like Ha, who are the best experts of the field, have been marginalized in favor of large companies whose financial interests and schedule are often incompatible with humanitarian aid. “Ha? Ti is the last failure date of the international community, because the disaster is not necessarily the event itself, but the inability to respond,” says the director bitterly ha? Yours Raoul Peck, former Minister of Culture of the Republic of the isle between 1996 and 1997 and author of the documentary broadcast on Arte deadly Support Tuesday, April 16.
Through a woman’s voice (actress Celine Sallette), which recounts his despair at such a misfortune, Raoul Peck delivers a relentless factual indictment on the mismanagement of this disaster, disorganization – or corruption – the major international institutions for the reconstruction of Ha? ti. The testimony and the pictures show a great humanitarian mess where everyone tries to pull the covers, like Bill Clinton, who knows how to show off in front of the cameras when he goes in Ha? Ti, but refused to be questioned by Raoul Peck.
Filmed over two years by various teams have set up their cameras in strategic places making (government ha? Maintenance, antenna UN or those NGOs …), the document calls officials, shows the complex mechanisms and burdens of government, the absurdities of certain decisions, cultural barriers, and gives a voice to people who, somehow, trying to rebuild their lives.
Following the example of Corail camp, located about twenty kilometers from Port-au-Prince, which is built without planning or sustainable development prospects unsanitary shacks instead of houses hard surface. “I wanted to film inside the grinding machine, says Raoul Peck.’s Major donors, governments, international financial institutions, NGOs are isolated in their bubble, far from Ha? Want. They are all in different and sometimes opposing, without communication and coordination among them. We approximation in total, “he said.
Surreal RETURN “BABY DOC”
There, so everyone works for himself, much to the chagrin of voluntary humanitarian aid helplessly face the inertia of the States whose representatives do not want it to interfere in the management of their funds. “In the business of humanitarian, each plant its flag. Dictatorship help is violent and arbitrary,” said Raoul Peck, in his commentary. So while this is a priority for reconstruction, removal of 25 million cubic meters of rubble is not planned and especially without funding. “When the United States announced to $ 2.5 billion, we must recalculate” tempers Raoul Peck. “The big banks already collect 8% of this amount for their management fees, and $ 800 million used to pay the expenses of 20,000 military and nobody called”, he says.
Close to the political staff of the isle, Raoul Peck also filmed shake the campaign. During a meeting, you can see the surreal and reverent return of Jean-Claude Duvalier, the “Baby Doc” plunderer of the eye and the drug dealer in exile in France, together with its “Tonton Macoutes,” said rule sowed terror and death in Ha? ti 1971 to 1986.
Steep and away from mounting aesthetic, the film by Raoul Peck is guided by the will of the director to bear witness and return the powerful to account. “With 27 000 square kilometers and 10 million inhabitants, Ha? Ti is a city across the planet, says Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive. We had our bedside banks, states and all structures of cooperation, and they have failed to help. If international community continues to fail, what are they going to solve elsewhere? ”
“Lethal assistance”, Tuesday, April 16 at 20 h 45 on Arte.
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